Opioids Uses and Side Effects

Opioids

Opiods are a certain class of drugs that parasites a poppy plants and while some of the prescription tablets are made by scientist in a lab other are made
directly from the poppy plant. Opioids as a medication contains chemicals which relaxes the body and acts as a pain reliever . Prescription opioids mostly preferred when it comes
to treating severe pain with others used in coughing and diarrhea treatment . Opioids causes relaxation and produce a high effect which is why they are sometimes used
for non medical purpose and there is serious consequences because they are highly addictive, overdoses and deaths are common . Heroin can see as the world most dangerous killer opioids
and is never used in the United states as Medicine.

Opiods are popularly refered to as Oxys,Percs and Vikes.

common prescription opioids includes:
hydrocodone (Vicodin®) oxycodone (OxyContin®, Percocet®)
oxymorphone (Opana®)
morphine (Kadian®, Avinza®)
codeine
fentanyl

How are prescription opioids opioids Misused?

Opioids when prescribed are used for pain reflief and aresafe when used forashort time as prescribed ny a doctor, but can be wrongly used.
Prescription opioids are misused in diffrent ways:
Taking thre medication in a way or dosage other than what was prescribed.
Taking another persons prescription
Taking the medication to get the high effect

Misusing opiods exist in diffrent ways,a person can swallow the normal pill form while others crush and dissolve capsules in water and
inject into the vein and also snorting the powder.

How does prescription opioids affect Brain functionality?

Opioids are binding and activates opiods receivers on cells located in many areas of the brain,spinal cord and other organs in the body,
especially the feelings receptor parts suc as pain and pleasure. When opiods linksto receptors they block pain signals coming from
the brain tothe body realeasing a large amount of dopamine throughout the body. This release is very compelling to retakethe drug
making the user want to repeat the expirience .

What are some possible effects of Prescription opioids on the brain and body?

In the short term, opioids can relieve pain and make people feel relaxed and happy. However, opioids can also have harmful effects, including:

drowsiness
confusion
nausea
constipation
euphoria
slowed breathing

Opiods abuse can cause slow breathing, which can cause little oxygen reaching the brain (hypoxia).

Hypoxia can have short and long-term psychological and neurological effects, including coma, permanent brain damage, or death.
Researchers are also investigating the long-term effects of opioid addiction on the brain and also to see whether damage can be reversed.

What are the other health effects of opioid medications?

Adults tend to be at high risk of accidental misuse or abuse because they typically have chronic diseases which requires multiple prescritions,
there by increasing the riskof drug interactions,as well as slowed metabolishm that affects the breakdown of drugs.Also sharing injections
during misuse can be harmful and disease contracting such as HIV.

Is there a posibility of overdose on prescription opioids?

100% legit a person can overdose on prescription opioids Oxycodone . An opioid overdose occurs when a person uses enough of the drug to produce life-threatening symptoms or death.
When people overdose on an opioid medication, their breathing often slows or stops. This can cause hypoxia, which can result in coma, permanent brain damage, or death. Tramadol

How can an opioid overdose be treated?

Naloxone administration counters prescription opioid overdose. Naloxone is a medicine that can treat an opioid overdose when given right away. It works by rapidly binding to opioid receptors and blocking the effects of opioid drugs
from hampering brain abd body function activities . Naloxone is available as an injectable (needle) solution, a hand-held auto-injector (EVZIO®), and a nasal spray (NARCAN® Nasal Spray). Vicodin
Naloxone are available in some states with no prescription required so families can have access to it and help during
overdose .

Can use of prescription opioids lead to addiction?

Reapeated Opioid use can lead to SUD, a medical illness from severe to temporary to chronic. TYLENOL WITH CODEINE
Addiction is the most severe form of an SUD. An SUD develops when continued misuse of the drug changes the brain and
causes health problems and failure to meet responsibilities. Methadone

People addicted to an opioid medication who stop using the drug can have severe withdrawal symptoms that begin as early as a few hours after the drug was last taken. Subutex
These symptoms include:

muscle and bone pain
sleep problems
diarrhea and vomiting
cold flashes with goose bumps
uncontrollable leg movements
severe cravings suboxone

Opioids These symptoms can be extremely uncomfortable and are the reason many people find it so difficult to stop using prescription opioids. Percocet
There are medicines being developed to help with the withdrawal process, including lofexidine, a non-opioid medicine designed to reduce opioid withdrawal symptoms that was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2018. Morphine
The FDA has also approved sale of a device, NSS-2 Bridge, that can help ease withdrawal symptoms. The NSS-2 Bridge is a small electrical nerve stimulator placed behind the person’s ear, that can be used for up to five days during the short term withdrawal phase. Hydrocodone

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